Extended breastfeeding and brain development

Breastfeeding and Brain Development Ask Dr Sear

The positive effects of breastfeeding and brain development are greater the longer the baby is breastfed Breastfed children exhibited increased white matter development in later maturing frontal and association brain regions Maternal reports of breastfeeding are associated with more mature brain development within the first 2 months of life. Results are most consistent for gangliothalamic ovoid diameter, a subcortical structure rich in docosahexaenoic acid. Findings also pointed to non-specific neural developmental advantage for exclusively breastfed babies The research found that by age 2, babies who had been breastfed exclusively for at least three months had enhanced development in key parts of the brain compared to children who were fed formula exclusively or who were fed a combination of formula and breastmilk

Nutrients found in the breast milk help to stimulate a baby's brain development early on. Two key nutrients found in breast milk are Omega 3 and Lactose. Omega 3 DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), commonly known, as an Omega 3 fatty acid is a key ingredient found in breast milk There is growing evidence that breastfeeding improves the brain development of infants. Researchers at Brown University have discovered that breastfeeding alone produces the best results for.. The process of a baby suckling at the breast actually forges new neurochemical pathways in the mother's brain that create and reinforce maternal behaviour. This process is aided by chemical imprinting and huge increases in oxytocin You can definitely nurse beyond the one year guideline; in fact, extended breastfeeding has plenty of benefits for brain development, the immune system, and mother-child bonding. But according to.. Extended breastfeeding has been taboo for many years, but fortunately, the tide seems to be turning. Celebrities such as Mayim Bialik, Salma Hayek, Alanis Morissette, and Alyssa Milano have all.

Extended Breastfeeding: Tearing Down the Stigma of Nursing

Breastfeeding and early white matter development: A cross

The early Homo sapiens babies nursed for three to four years. Scientists think this extended breastfeeding played a role in the development of important human traits, such as brain development. Meanwhile, Paranthropus robustus, which became extinct a million years ago and left no trace in the human lineage, only breastfed for a few months In fact, these kind of fats are essential for a toddler's health and brain development. Extended breastfeeding has also been linked to lower rates of obesity and diabetes in children, according to. In a nursing relationship, breastfeeding becomes much more than a way of delivering nutrients to the baby. It is an important way of sharing love. As Harlow's research showed, loving physical.

Breastfeeding and early brain development: the Generation

Development of the Brain's Wiring Diagram. Brain development proceeds in overlapping phases: making the brain cells (neurulation and neurogenesis), getting the cells to where they need to be (migration), growing axons and dendrites, which are structures needed to link with other nerve cells (neuronal differentiation and pathfinding), developing synapses or points of communication with other. Breast milk also contains 200 fatty acid chains that are important for brain development. According to WHO, researchers found direct links between extended breastfeeding and higher IQ scores, emotional security, and better mental health. It's important for a mother to follow a healthy, well-balanced diet

Study Shows Breastfeeding Improves Brain Development in

Breastfeeding influences mature brain volume and boosts brain growth. It further promotes the development of white matter, which is linked to better IQ. Breast milk contains thyroxin, a nerve growth factor that influences cerebral development. Cerebrum is the main part of the brain that controls senses, thoughts and movements The authors concluded that extended breastfeeding is not associated with mental health risks but breastfeeding can result in closer parent-child relationships. 17 Doubt of the relationship between breastfeeding and cognitive development led to a meta-analysis of 20 studies Studies have shown that breastfeeding helps boost brain development in babies. And it's not just from the nutrients: Weiss says that babies who nurse off of both breasts are put into different.. The evidence for exclusive breastfeeding starting at birth as the basis of early childhood development is indisputable. Studies published in The Lancet earlier this year confirmed what we have long believed, that babies fed exclusively on breast milk for at least the first 6 months have the best chance of thriving through childhood and adolescence

Breastfeeding and Brain Development - The Pumping Momm

  1. In fact, the research shows that extended breastfeeding can provide comfort for the toddler and actually help them learn to soothe themselves better later in life. The research shows that meeting the child's needs is the key to helping them gain independence, and that extended breastfeeding can help them achieve that at a good pace
  2. Extended breastfeeding is when you continue to breastfeed your child beyond his first year. There are different theories regarding the practice of extended breastfeeding. Some moms feel it is absolutely not required while there are others who believe in breastfeeding their babies up to the age of 3, 4, or even 5
  3. CNN - Sandee LaMotte Breast is Best - the benefits from breastfeeding are innumerable and arguably indisputable. In addition to clear short-term health benefits for babies, studies increasingly demonstrate how breastfeeding also correlates to an increase in intelligence overall

The benefits of breast milk for babies are numerous. Lower rates of childhood obesity, decreased incidence of asthma and even better brain development are all linked with drinking more of mother's. While previous studies have drawn a link between breastfeeding and cognition, and even extended an association to higher social status, it's never been absolutely clear whether the connection was due to the breast milk or to the bond that the practice builds between mom and child, which can itself enhance brain development. Or, for that. A large body of research has shown breastfeeding's positive effects on brain development, and longer breastfeeding specifically has been linked with improved cognitive, motor and language skills, as well as better memory in the first few years of life.A 2013 study published in JAMA Pediatrics even found longer breastfeeding was associated with improved verbal and non-verbal intelligence in. The healthy development of the brain and cognitive skills allows children to learn and understand. Many experts believe that breastfeeding can contribute to the intelligence, memory, judgment, and problem-solving ability of a child as he grows, but does it

Breastfeeding Boosts the Brain Development of a Baby

  1. Supports healthy brain development. Extended breastfeeding supports healthy brain development during the crucial first two years of your baby's life when their brain triples in size! Breastmilk supplies your child with naturally produced DHA, which is a healthy fatty acid. Because of this, according to Dr. Sears, The more frequently a mom.
  2. Recent studies have also highlighted differing gut microbial profiles in breastfed versus formula-fed infants (Azad et al., 2013), which may also promote brain and myelin development (Heijtz et al., 2011), resulting in improved brain function. Cumulatively, these studies intimate a preferential association between breastfeeding and structural.
  3. Human babies are born very dependent on their parents. They undergo huge brain development, growth and neuron pruning in the first two years of life. The brain development of infants (as well as their social, emotional and cognitive development) depends on a loving bond or attachment relationship with a primary caregiver, usually a parent
  4. Bishop notes that there is documented research that extended breastfeeding alters a baby's brain chemistry, and that children who are breastfed for the first year of life are less likely to suffer.
  5. Extended breastfeeding affects your child's emotional development Breastfeeding, according to many critics, is detrimental to a child's health and psychological well-being. They argue it makes children dependent, limits their freedom, and makes it difficult for them to separate from their parents
  6. Long-term breast-feeding allows for normal development of the child's brain, facial structure, immune system, and emotional resilience to life's slings and arrows. As far as I know, there are no.
  7. Breast milk also contains long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and other nutrients important for brain development; nutrients which may also affects the body's response to insulin and subsequent fat deposition, thus providing one possible mechanistic link between breastfeeding and longer-term outcomes including obesity, diet-related NCDs.

The brain grows more during the first two years of life than any other time, nearly tripling in size from birth to two years of age. During this crucial time of brain development, the smart fats unique to mom's breast milk (namely, omega-3 fatty acid, also known as DHA) seem to provide an intellectual advantage for breastfed babies Breastfeeding influences mature brain volume and boosts brain growth. It further promotes the development of white matter, which is linked to better IQ. Breast milk contains thyroxin, a nerve growth factor that influences cerebral development. Cerebrum is the main part of the brain that controls senses, thoughts and movements

#3. Boosts brain development Studies say that breastfeeding aids in better brain development of the baby. #4. Soothing for the child Sometimes breastfeeding turns out as the best way to sooth a hurt child. We have many a times turned to breastfeeding to calm a crying baby. This works for toddlers too Fourth, higher quality maternal interactions have been shown to improve brain development at 5, 10 and 24 months. 34 Fifth, there is growing evidence to suggest that the beneficial effects of exclusive breastfeeding may be moderated by the infant's genome, 35,36 and the metabolism of the fatty acids in maternal breast milk. 37 For example. A total of 452 total MRI and neurocognitive datasets were acquired on these children. These children were drawn from a larger study of normal brain development and were selected since knowledge of infant feeding habits, duration of exclusive breastfeeding, and main infant formula composition was known Furthermore, beneficial effects of DHA on infants' brain development after birth have been shown, 22,23 with additional evidence of a dose-response relationship between breastfeeding duration and DHA content in infants' brains. 24. The advantages of breastfeeding on brain and cognitive development seem to be long-lasting

7 Benefits to Breastfeeding Your Baby Longer - Parentology

Feeling safe is critical to brain development. Breastfeeding has likely been your baby's go-to comforter when tired, upset and hungry. Extended breastfeeding keeps your baby feeling safe and secure in her world This early development may very well affect the progress of many diseases throughout life. Breastfed babies get fewer ear infections and fewer upper respiratory infections. Breastfed babies are less likely to be obese later in life or get diabetes. Breastfeeding builds brighter brains as the types of fat in human milk support the growth of. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding in initial 6 months of life and continuing breastfeeding up to 2 years of age and beyond along with complementary feeding. Obviously, a focus both on initiating and continuing breastfeeding is very important to reduce the risk of failure on breastfeeding start and. One hypothesis on why this may be is because breastmilk is rich in good fats which are essential for brain growth and development. 5. Longer duration of breastfeeding can help reduce health risks for the mom. Extended breastfeeding can help reduce risk of breast, ovarian, uterine and endometrial cancer in mom

Extended Breastfeeding, Long Term Breastfeeding or Prolonged Lactation. Brain Development. Imagine all the vitamins the milk supplies to help those neurons get in their right places and since I am not that consistent in the Tamang Kain as I want to be, I rely on my good milk to compensate for that.. Extended breastfeeding, or breastfeeding a child past the age of 1, is incredibly common in some cultures. And yet in others, like ours here in the United States, it isn't. Many moms are told by family, friends, and even healthcare professionals that there's no benefit to breastfeeding after 1, and that they should stop. This is about as far from the truth as it could be Extended breastfeeding as a parenting practice is credited to Dr. William Sears, an American pediatrician and creator of the Attachment Parenting philosophy. Some of the benefits of breastfeeding, taken from Dr. Sears' website, are: better brain development, better eyesight, less ear infections, less need for orthodontia, less need for.

Extended breastfeeding is also good for the mom, it makes her healthier. Moms who breastfeed are at lower risk of having breast, ovarian and endometrial cancer. Helps in brain development During REM sleep, blood flow to the brain is higher, dreaming occurs, and brain development is stimulated. The younger the human being, the greater the percentage of time is spent in REM sleep. A fetus has nearly 100% REM sleep, a full-term newborn about 50%, a two- year old 25%, adolescents and adults 20%, and the elderly 15% The effect of breastfeeding on brain development and child intelligence is well established, lead author Bernardo Lessa Horta of the Federal University of Pelotas in Brazil said in a statement. A long-term study has pointed to a link between breastfeeding and intelligence. The research in Brazil traced nearly 3,500 babies, from all walks of life, and found those who had been breastfed. Breast milk also enhances brain development and raises the intelligence quotient (IQ) of the toddlers. In fact, breastfeeding is important because it leads to appropriate cognitive development. This is one of the most researched benefits of breastfeeding toddlers and doctors and medical experts agree that breast milk is a superior nutritional.

This Is Your Brain On Breastfeeding - Mama's Milk, No Chase

What are the benefits of extended breastfeeding? 7 Benefits of Extended Breastfeeding. It provides nutrition for the baby. It boosts the immune system. It makes moms healthier. It boosts brain development. It's soothing to the baby. It's calming for moms. It's calming for moms. It leads to a smaller waist It may affect the newborn's brain development and result in hyperactivity, poor cognitive function, and other long-term consequences19, 20, 21. Additionally, marijuana smoke contains many of the same harmful components as tobacco smoke 22 Breastfeeding should continue until the baby has turned one, if possible. Breastfeeding can definitely continue beyond the one year mark. There is, in fact, extensive research supporting the benefits of extended breastfeeding having benefits for brain development, the immune system, and mother-child bonding. Source: Your Whole Bab

How Long Should You Breastfeed? As Long As You Can Parent

A 2004 review on mercury and lead during breastfeeding (Dorea 2004) noted that cows' milk-based formulas pose a greater risk of infant exposure to neurotoxic substances.. The mother's diet appears to be, by far, the primary source of mercury in breastmilk — studies have shown higher levels of mercury in the breastmilk of mothers who. The process of breastfeeding does more than provide important nutrition and other things to support infants' growth and development; it also benefits mothers' health and offers an important opportunity for the pair to bond.. World Breastfeeding Week, from August 1 to August 7, is jointly sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and will be. For example, Sears encourages extended breastfeeding the baby after infancy until the child decides to stop. Although studies have shown the benefits of breastfeeding, most of them were done on babies who were breastfed for 3 to 9 months only, not for as long as the child wants 3-5 Extended breastfeeding has so many benefits for both mother and child. 5 Reasons for Extended Breastfeeding #1 It boosts the immune system. This is truly my #1 reason. #3 It boosts brain development and not just IQ points. When you breastfeed, you are switching from side to side so that your baby and toddler face different directions and.

Exclusive breastfeeding, extended breastfeeding - we hear these terms bandied about during our pregnancies, but we don't quite grasp their meaning. Scientific studies have proven that breastfeeding boosts brain development. My son sat, crawled, walked and talked a lot earlier than most children his age Ms McKay said breast milk was full of great enzymes and was very good for brain development. Extended breastfeeding made the front cover of Time magazine in 2012 In previous research, benefits of KC have extended from childbirth to age 16, showing improved cognitive and motor development in newborns that received KC during hospitalization

Extended Breastfeeding: Can You Nurse for Too Long

Breastfeeding supports baby's brain growth: In an MRI study conducted by Brown University, brain images from quiet MRI machines were used to measure brain development in babies. Extended nursing can be defined as breastfeeding beyond the first year of a child's life. This practice is healthy, safe and should be regarded as completely normal. However, some Western societies have conspired to make it an almost taboo activity and pressure on women to stop nursing their children at 12 months old has become commonplace

Note that breastfeeding at least until the second year of a child's life is not considered 'extended' breastfeeding. Rather, breastfeeding until the bare minimum age of 2 years is the norm and anything less brings about detrimental consequences Bauer G et al. Breastfeeding and cognitive development of three-year-old children. Psychological Reports 1991; 68:1218. Anderson GJ, Connor WE, Corliss JD. Docosohexaenoic acid is the preferred dietary n-3 fatty acid for the development of the brain and retina. Pediatr Res 1990;27:87-97. Wing CS Why I Chose Extended Breastfeeding. When I consulted with her pediatrician, I learned that she needed milk until 2 years of age because of brain development. Only breast milk or cow's milk has adequate fat for proper brain development. At that point my decision was made to breastfeed until 2 Exclusive breastfeeding for 3-4 months is associated with less eczema for children under age 2. Maternal diet can modify the immunologic properties in breastmilk, and play a role in childhood allergies. The composition of the infant gut microbiome differs significantly between infants with allergies and those without Breastfeeding Relationship. 161 Words1 Page. Another factor that may have played important role is physical and social interaction of the mother and the child while breastfeeding (Kramer, 2008). An article from Scientific American, written by R. Douglas Fields, argued that it is not the chemicals in the breast milk that affects the brain.

Extended Breastfeeding Has Been Normal Since The Stone Ag

There are some benefits cited for breastfeeding and extended breastfeeding: Nutrition. Breastmilk retains its nutritional value no matter the length of the nursing period. It supports the child's immune system. It's a time for mothers to bond with their children. Breastfeeding could become a source of comfort for the child Parents of infants and young children face many challenges when dealing with negative emotions such as crying, distress, fear and anger. If children experience such emotions chronically, and these are not mitigated by parents, evidence suggests that the stress can result in irreversible brain damage. These changes can increase the likelihood of serious problems in children's development Comment. Recently, Deoni et al. (2013) used mcDESPOT MRI imaging to link infant feeding modality (breastfeeding, formula feeding, and breastfeeding + formula feeding) to both cognitive ability (measured through the Mullen tests) and white-matter development. As scientists and as mothers who have nursed a total of 7 children, we believe that a strictly causal relationship among breastfeeding.

How Long Should You Breast-Feed Your Baby? - Muscat-Holiday

The effect of breastfeeding on brain development and child intelligence is well established, but whether these effects persist into adulthood is less clear, explains lead author Dr Bernardo. child development. Breastfeeding supports healthy brain development, and is associated with higher performance in intelligence tests among children and adolescents across all income levels.2 But breastfeeding is not just good for babies, it is good for mothers as well. Indeed, breastfeeding has been shown to protect against post-partu Published: 04th May, 2019 at 14:40. In a new twist in the long-running debate on whether breastfeeding boosts childhood intelligence, scientists have found that breast milk increases the levels of certain chemicals in babies' brains that are linked to neurodevelopment. Breastfeeding has previously been shown to have all kinds of health. Brain development is experience dependent and therefore it is possible that providing intimate maternal-child interaction might stimulate development of the relationship regulating right brain in such a way to aid healing from early abuse or neglect . There are many sensory and relational experiences involved in breastfeeding that children who.

Breastfeeding has been shown to promote positive long-term brain development in babies. Long-term breastfeeding can, reduce the risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and heart attack (for mothers), according to this study Lack of fat can also be counter-productive to the optimal development of the baby's brain and central nervous system. The presence of lactose in breast milk is another case in point - and a known requirement of species with bigger brains, with humans at the top of the tree. Extended breastfeeding prolongs the period of resistance to colds. This encouragement for extended breastfeeding comes after developments in research that claim benefits for both mother and toddler. Boosts Brain Development. The fats present in breast milk, like omega-3 fatty acids, contribute to brain development in toddlers Most scientific literature on the long-term effects of breastfeeding relies on substantially extended recall periods, with information being collected retrospectively during late childhood or adolescence. brain size, and white matter development. Pediatr Res. 2010; 67: 357-362. Crossref; The study contributes important knowledge about. health and development. I. Concerns about Extended Breastfeeding Most of the arguments against extended breastfeeding have to do with the psychosocial effects of the mother-child attachment. Jean Twenge wrote in a 2012 Psychology Today piece that the main problem with extended breastfeeding is not the breastfeeding itself, but the overal

7 Ways Extended Breastfeeding Affects Your Child Later In Lif

Child Health Benefits. Human milk is species-specific, and all substitute feeding preparations differ markedly from it, making human milk uniquely superior for infant feeding. 12 Exclusive breastfeeding is the reference or normative model against which all alternative feeding methods must be measured with regard to growth, health, development, and all other short- and long-term outcomes Dr Oddy said breastfeeding could help babies cope better with stress. There are a number of ways extended breastfeeding could assist child development. We know that breast milk is packed full of nutrients that help with the rapid brain development that occurs in the early years Extended breastfeeding has brought a lot of advantages to our family. Aside from the countless benefits for me and my baby, both physically and mentally, its financial reward is really my favorite. ——. A baby can consume two cans of formula milk in a month = Php 3,000 (one can of 1.8kgs costs Php 1,500+). There are 12 months in a year

It's Not the Breastfeeding That's Wrong; It's the

One of the most popular benefits of extended breastfeeding is that it boosts the relationship between mother and child. Breastfeeding not only meets the nutritional needs of the child, but it also energizes the child, soothes any bumps and bruises, and helps the child manage stress in their daily lives Boosts brain development. It boosts brain development. Studies have shown that breastfeeding helps boost brain development in babies. Prevents dehydration. When a child gets sick, breast milk may be the only thing he'll consume. This helps him stay hydrated and boosts his immune system. The benefits of extended breast-feeding for a mother. Extended breastfeeding through infancy confers benefits on neurocognitive performance and intelligence tests, though few have examined the biological basis of these effects. To investigate correlations with breastfeeding, we examined the major white matter tracts in 4-8 year-old children using diffusion tensor imaging and volumetric measurements of the corpus callosum

But some of the benefits of extended breastfeeding include: boosting the child's immune system, helping brain and intellectual development, and making children more socially adaptable and. New research suggests that breastfeeding may have an impact on social development. There is a lot of solid research that speaks to the positive relationship between breastfeeding and the overall health status for both children and their mothers. We know that breastfed babies have a decreased risk of dying of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS.

Researchers reviewed the test results of more than 9,000 nine and ten-year-old participants in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development risk from minimal and extended breastfeeding. May 13. You will benefit just as much as your baby does, both physically and mentally from extended breastfeeding. These are benefits based on scientific research, not old wives tails: The highest quality Nutrition; Strengthen Immune System; Improved Brain Development; Reduced risk of arthritis, diabetes and some heart conditions and types of cance Breastfeeding for the first six months is not easy, more so breastfeeding toddlers who turn and tumble while latching. Yet, it goes without saying that our babies have so much to gain from our milk Extended Breastfeeding is Natural. You may feel as though nursing an older baby, toddler, or young child is weird or abnormal. This is because extended breastfeeding in the western world isn't as popular as it is throughout the rest of the world. In much of the world, however, breastfeeding beyond one is completely normal and natural Extended Breastfeeding: Tearing Down The Stigma Of Nursing An Older Child Giselle May left the corporate world to become a full-time Mom of a beautiful boy, and Editor of katherinerosman.com. This is a small site where Giselle and her team are growing quickly with the aim of becoming a central resource for Mom's that will provide actionable.

Extended Breastfeeding, but Milk Supply Decreasing. Updated on August 08, 2011 M.P. asks from De Pere, WI on July 08, 2011 Whole milk, is recommended for children 1-2 years old. BECAUSE, the milk fats in it, is an essential nutrient, for brain-development. It is not just about the calcium. You need to ask your Pediatrician, about how much. Dr. Nills Bergman states breastfeeding till age 3 is required for maximum brain development. At this age breastfeeding is more about brain wiring than nutrition. According to Dr. Bergman brain development peaks establishing a life trajectory. The limbic system and the mid brain are fixed after the age of 3 years Newman J: Breastfeeding problems associated with the early introduction of bottles and pacifiers. J Hum Lact 1990; 6:59-63. 17. Drane D. The effect of use of dummies and teats on orofacial development. Breastfeeding Review 1996; 4:59-64. 18 Parents of infants and young children face many challenges when dealing with negative emotions such as crying, distress, fear and anger. If children experience such emotions chronically, and these are not mitigated by parents, evidence suggests that the stress can result in irreversible brain damage. These changes can increase the likelihood of serious problems in children's development

Physical and Mental Benefits of Extended Breastfeeding August 15, 2018 In the United States, fewer than 25 percent of new moms breastfeed their infants past the age of six months. 1 However, there are numerous physical and mental benefits associated with extended breastfeeding that could help a new mom decide how long to breastfeed her child Fed is Best Feeding Plan - Updated 2020. Updated September 10, 2020 We are proud to present the latest edition of the Fed is Best Guide to Safe Infant Feeding. The new guide has information on how to safely feed infants regardless of how you plan to feed, whether exclusive breastfeeding, supplemented breastfeeding or exclusive formula-feeding Extended breastfeeding linked to higher IQ and income in study News. by is that it is rich in long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids which are important to brain growth and development. Tag: extended breastfeeding including calcium, protein, potassium and vitamin D that are important for building bone and brain development. But if your toddler won't drink it, has an allergy or intolerance, or your family follows a vegan lifestyle, a well-planned diet can provide these nutrients too. your milk is made for development. It's clearly a crucial time for brain development, and the intellectual advantage breastfed babies enjoy is attributed to the smart fats unique to mom's breast milk (namely, omega-3 fatty acid, also known as DHA). From head to toe, babies who breastfeed for extended periods of time are healthier overall

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Extended breastfeeding - nursing beyond the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended 1 year of age is still far from the norm in the United States, although there are many reasons why a mother and child may choose to continue breastfeeding. Here are five reasons why a family may decide to continue breastfeeding It still supports their brain development and immune system. I'm so glad that I trusted my body and child this time around. I credit the Breastfeeding Support Group for Black Moms on FB with liberating me from the preconceived notions that I had about nursing past a year and sharing information to have a healthier journey than the first time The brain undergoes rapid development prenatally, through early childhood and into adolescence, supporting cognitive and emotional maturation. This rapid growth also represents a highly vulnerable period where a variety of environmental exposures can have a large and enduring impact Breastfeeding support: According to the WHO, the UK has one of the lowest rates of breastfeeding in the world. In fact, more than 60% of babies are fully formula-fed by the time they are six weeks old. But, thanks to increased breastfeeding support, extended breastfeeding is now trending among a growing group of advocates Nutrition in pregnancy, during lactation, childhood, and later stages has a fundamental influence on overall development. There is a growing research interest on the role of key dietary nutrients in fetal health. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFAs) play an important role in brain development and function. Evidence from animal models of dietary n-3 LCPUFAs deficiency suggests that.